The Banach algebras with generalized matrix representation

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Basic Sciences, University of Bojnord, P.O. Box 1339, Bojnord, Islamic Republic of Iran.



A Banach algebra $\mathfrak{A}$ has a generalized Matrix representation if there exist the algebras $A, B$, $(A,B)$-module $M$ and $(B,A)$-module $N$ such that $\mathfrak{A}$ is isomorphic to the generalized matrix Banach algebra $\Big[\begin{array}{cc}
A & \ M \\
N & \ B%
In this paper, the algebras with generalized matrix representation will be characterized. Then we show that there is a unital permanently weakly amenable  Banach algebra $A$ without generalized matrix representation such that $H^1(A,A)=\{0\}$.
This implies that there is a unital Banach algebra $A$ without any triangular matrix representation such that $H^1(A,A)=\{0\}$  and gives a negative answer to the open question of \cite{D}.


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