Projection Inequalities and Their Linear Preservers

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Graduate University of Advanced Technology, Kerman, Iran.

2 University of Sussex, Brighton, United Kingdom.



This paper introduces an inequality on vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ which compares vectors in $\mathbb{R}^n$ based on the $p$-norm of their
projections on $\mathbb{R}^k$ ($k\leq n$).
For $p>0$, we say $x$ is $d$-projectionally less than or equal to $y$ with respect to $p$-norm if $\sum_{i=1}^k\vert x_i\vert^p$ is less than or equal to $ \sum_{i=1}^k\vert y_i\vert^p$, for every $d\leq k\leq n$. For a relation $\sim$ on a set $X$, we say a map $f:X \rightarrow X$ is a preserver of that relation, if $x\sim y$ implies $f(x)\sim f(y)$, for every $x,y\in X$. All the linear maps that preserve $d$-projectional equality and inequality are characterized in this paper.


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